Chemotherapy is a treatment option that uses drugs to kill cancer cells or to make them less active. Chemotherapy is usually suggested when the cancer cells have spread to a few different parts of the body and also for patients who had undergone surgery for cancer, to prevent relapse.

Chemotherapy is a cocktail of drugs administered in different ways:

  • Intravenous (IV) - Chemotherapy goes directly into a vein, given as infusion.
  • Intra-arterial (IA) - Chemotherapy goes directly into the artery that is feeding cancer.
  • Intraperitoneal (IP) - Chemotherapy goes directly into the peritoneal cavity (the area that organs such as intestines, stomach, liver, and ovaries).
  • Topical - Chemotherapy comes in a cream that you rub onto your skin. Oral - Chemotherapy comes in pills, capsules, or liquids that you swallow.


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What is chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment that uses drugs or medications to destroy cancer cells. It is one of the main types of cancer treatment.

Is chemotherapy painful?

No, chemotherapy is usually not painful. However, some people may experience side effects, such as nausea, fatigue, and loss of appetite.

What should I expect during chemotherapy?

During chemotherapy, you may experience side effects such as loss of appetite, fatigue, and nausea. You may also experience other side effects, such as hair loss, mouth sores, and skin changes.

How often will I have chemotherapy treatments?

The frequency of chemotherapy treatments varies depending on the type of cancer and other factors. Generally, chemotherapy treatments are given every 2 to 3 weeks.

What can I do to manage the side effects of chemotherapy?

There are several ways to manage the side effects of chemotherapy. These include keeping a regular schedule for eating, getting plenty of rest, and avoiding fatiguing activities.

What are the long-term effects of chemotherapy?

The long-term effects of chemotherapy vary depending on the type of cancer, the individual, and other factors. Possible long-term effects include fatigue, cognitive changes, nerve damage, and organ damage.

How will chemotherapy affect my daily life?

Chemotherapy can affect your daily life in several ways. For example, you may experience fatigue, nausea, and other side effects. You may also find it challenging to work or take part in activities you used to enjoy.

Are there different types of chemotherapy?

Yes, there are several different types of chemotherapy. These include targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy, combination therapy, and monoclonal antibody therapy.

How long does chemotherapy take?

The length of treatment depends on the type of cancer, the type of chemotherapy, and other factors. Generally, the length of chemotherapy ranges from a few weeks to several months.

What should I do if I experience side effects from chemotherapy?

It is essential to talk to your doctor about any side effects you may experience during chemotherapy. Depending on the type and severity of the side effects, your doctor may be able to recommend ways to minimize or manage them.

How is chemotherapy administered?

Chemotherapy is usually administered intravenously, through a vein, but it is often also administered orally (in pill form) and sometimes applied topically or injected directly into the tumour or affected organ.?

Should I be worried about becoming resistant to chemotherapy?

There is no reason to be concerned about becoming resistant to chemotherapy. Cancer cells can become resistant to chemotherapy, but it is very rare.

Is chemotherapy safe?

Yes, chemotherapy is a safe and effective form of cancer treatment. However, as with any treatment, chemotherapy has potential risks and side effects.

Is there a way to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy?

Yes, there are several strategies to help reduce the side effects of chemotherapy. Your healthcare provider can discuss these strategies with you. These may include lifestyle modifications, counselling, and other treatments.